Structure Analysis By Small-Angle X-Ray And Neutron Scattering

Structure Analysis By Small-Angle X-Ray And Neutron Scattering

Autor : L.a. Feigin
Geschlecht : Bücher, Naturwissenschaften & Technik, Biowissenschaften,
lesen : 4836
Herunterladen : 4030
Dateigröße : 26.78 MB
Format : PDF, ePub

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Structure Analysis By Small-Angle X-Ray And Neutron Scattering

Small-angle scattering of X rays and neutrons is a widely used diffraction method for studying the structure of matter. This method of elastic scattering is used in various branches of science and technology, includ­ ing condensed matter physics, molecular biology and biophysics, polymer science, and metallurgy. Many small-angle scattering studies are of value for pure science and practical applications. It is well known that the most general and informative method for investigating the spatial structure of matter is based on wave-diffraction phenomena. In diffraction experiments a primary beam of radiation influences a studied object, and the scattering pattern is analyzed. In principle, this analysis allows one to obtain information on the structure of a substance with a spatial resolution determined by the wavelength of the radiation. Diffraction methods are used for studying matter on all scales, from elementary particles to macro-objects. The use of X rays, neutrons, and electron beams, with wavelengths of about 1 A, permits the study of the condensed state of matter, solids and liquids, down to atomic resolution. Determination of the atomic structure of crystals, i.e., the arrangement of atoms in a unit cell, is an important example of this line of investigation.

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Geschlecht : Kindle-Shop, Kindle eBooks, Belletristik,
lesen : 2418
Herunterladen : 2015
Dateigröße : 13.39 MB
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Geschlecht : Kindle-Shop, Kindle eBooks, Kinderbücher,
lesen : 2418
Herunterladen : 2015
Dateigröße : 13.39 MB
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Geschlecht : Bücher, Fantasy & Science Fiction, Vampirromane,
lesen : 2262
Herunterladen : 1885
Dateigröße : 12.53 MB
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Geschlecht : Bücher, Literatur & Fiktion, Literatur,
lesen : 2418
Herunterladen : 2015
Dateigröße : 13.39 MB